Statistics

Statistics used throughout our Web site are cited below.

New York City Statistics: Youth & Dating Violence

One in ten teenagers in New York City schools reports experiencing physical or sexual violence in a dating relationship within the past year[1]

1 in 3 teens report experiencing some kind of abuse in their romantic relationships, including verbal and emotional abuse. [2]

A high prevalence of dating relationships of young women between 15 and 24 in New York City are characterized by physical violence (22%), coercion (67%) and forced sexual experiences (37%). [3]

The New York City Domestic Violence Hotline receives an average of 1,400 calls from teenagers every month. [4] 

Nearly half of all female homicide victims in New York City are killed in intimate partner homicides. Of these intimate partner homicides, teenagers comprise approximately 8% of the total victims. [5]

About 10% of domestic violence victims seen in the City's public hospitals are under 20 years old. [6]

In a study of young women aged 14 to 23 who sought health services at the New York Mt. Sinai Adolescent Health Center, approximately 30% of young women reported experiencing sexual assault by a date or acquaintance in the past year. [7]

One study found fewer than 3% of boys or girls reported an incident of teen dating violence to someone such as a teacher, police officer, or counselor; only 6% reported it to a relative. [8]

In a 2005 study of incoming freshmen at a New York City public college, more than 50% of students indicated that a close peer was involved in a violent relationship in the past year. [9]

National Statistics: Youth & Dating Violence

Prevalence of Violence Against Girls and Young Women
In a study of young women seeking family planning services, 53% of young women reported experiencing physical or sexual partner violence. [10]

One in five girls reported being physically and/or sexually abused by a dating partner in the past 12 months. [11]

Women aged 16-24 experience the highest per capita rate of intimate partner violence, triple the national average. [12]

Approximately 2.3 million people each year in the United States are raped and/or physically assaulted by a current or former spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend. [13]

A woman is more likely to be injured, raped or killed by a current or former partner than by any other person. [14]

In a study of urban high school students, nearly 1 in 5 teens reported perpetrating physical abuse in their dating relationships. [15] 

LGBTQ Relationships
As many as half of LGBTQ relationships may be abusive—making abuse in same-sex relationships just as widespread as in heterosexual relationships. [16]

Technology and Dating Abuse
50% of people age 14-24 have experienced digitally abusive behavior. [17]

22% of people age 14-24 in dating relationships say they feel like their partner checks up on them too often.[18]

More than 1 in 4 people age 14-24 say their boyfriend or girlfriend has checked the text messages on their phone without permission. [19]

One in four teens in a relationship say they have been called names, harassed or put down by their partner through cellphones and texting. [20]

Violence by Boys vs. Violence by Girls
Girls reported that their dating partners were the ones who started the abuse 70% of the time; whereas boys reported their dating partners to be initiators of abuse only 27% of the time. The boys were much more likely to state that they initiated incidents. [21]

For boys reporting they had been subject to a partner's use of physical violence, 17% percent reported that the reason for this violence was because they (i.e. the boys) had been making sexual advances toward the dating partner. [22]

Settings
Forty-two percent (42%) of the males and 43.2% of the females who reported abuse stated that this abuse occurred in a school building or on school grounds. [23]

Bystander Issues
During the time of the abuse, 40% of the girls and 49% of the boys reported that either another boy or girl or group of people was present. [24]

Acceptance of dating violence among friends is one of the strongest links to being involved in future dating violence. [25]

Rate of Disclosures/Seeking Support
Two in three teens who are in an abusive relationship do not tell anyone about the abuse. [26]

Another study found less than 3% of students reported being abused to an authority figure (e.g. police, social worker, counselor/teacher).  Sixty-one percent of adolescents reporting abuse said they told a friend. Over 30% told no one at all. [27]

Girls who reported experiencing severe sexual abuse reported this to a family member, teacher, social worker, or other authority figure only 6% of the time. [28]

Pursuing a protective order reduces the likelihood of a physical attack by 80%. [29] 

Effective Prevention: Teen Education
In a 2008 study, young people who received comprehensive sex education used significantly fewer acts of violence toward a dating partner by the end of Grade 11. [30]

Teaching young people about healthy relationships and ways to avoid physical dating violence can reduce physical dating violence and sexual dating violence by 60%. [31] 

Student Perception: Reasons for the Violence
Young people tend to interpret the violence of their partner as signifying love. In one study, 25-35% of the victims interpreted violence as love; 60% felt it had no effect on the relationship; and 40% felt it worsened their relationship. [32]

Dating Abuse, Eating Disorders and Substance Use/Abuse
Girls who reported that they had been sexually or physically abused were more than twice as likely as non-abused girls to report smoking, drinking and using illegal drugs. In addition, 32% reported bingeing and purging. [33]

Dating Abuse & Pregnancy
Teens are at higher risk of abuse during pregnancy than adult women: 21.7% of teens experience abuse as opposed to 15.9% of adults. [34]

High school girls reporting experiences of violence from dating partners were found to be 4 to 6 times more likely than their non-abused peers to have ever been pregnant. [35]

Three studies have found that homicide is the most common cause of death for pregnant women. [36]

Thirty-five percent of women who reported partner violence also reported either pregnancy coercion or birth control sabotage: approximately one in five young women said they experienced pregnancy coercion and 15% said they experienced birth control sabotage. [37] 

Dating Abuse & Suicide
Suicidal ideation and attempted suicide were about 6 to 9 times as common among adolescent girls who reported sexual and physical abuse by dating partners. [38]

Dating Abuse & Academic Performance
In a study of young women in a shelter for displaced teens aged 12-20, 44.4% of non-battered women were attending school, whereas only 22% of battered women were in school. Half (50%) of the non-battered women reported that they made good grades, whereas only 34.1% of the battered women reported good academic performance. [39]

Costs of Intimate Partner Violence
Healthcare costs almost $500 more per year for women who have experienced intimate partner violence.[40]

The direct cost of medical treatment for battered women annually is estimated at $1.8 billion. [41]

The health-related costs of rape, physical assault, stalking, and homicide by intimate partners exceed $5.8 billion each year. [42]

The annual cost of domestic violence to the US economy is more than $8.3 billion. This cost includes medical care, mental health services, and lost productivity (e.g., time away from work). [43]


[1] New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Epiquery: NYC Interactive Health Data System - [Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2009]. http://nyc.gov/health/epiquery
[2] Halpern, C.T., Oslak, S.G., Martin, S.L., Young, M.L., & Kupper, L.L. (2001). Partner violence among adolescents in opposite-sex romantic relationships: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. American Journal of Public Health, 91(10), 1680.
[3] Davidson, L.L. (2004). Prevalence of intimate partner violence in urban young women: Experiences with disclosure in health care settings. Proceedings of the Public Health and the Environment.
[4] New York City Mayor's Office, Mayor's Office to Combat Domestic Violence. (2007). 2007 Fact Sheet: New York, NY.
[5] Wilt, S., Illman, S., & Brodyfield, M. (1997). Female Homicide Victims in New York City, 1990-1994. New York: New York City Department of Health, Injury Prevention Program.
[6] New York City Mayor's Office, Mayor's Office to Combat Domestic Violence. (2007). 2007 Fact Sheet: New York, NY.
[7] Rickert, V.I., Wiemann, C.M., Vaughan, R.D., & White, J.D. (2004). Rates and risk factors for sexual violence among an ethnically diverse sample of adolescents.Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 158(12).
[8] Molidor, C., Tolman, R., & Kober, J. (2000). Gender and contextual factors in adolescent dating violence. The Prevention Researcher, 7(1),1.
[9] Raghavan, C., Rajah, V., Gentile, K., Collado, L., & Kavanagh, A.M. (2009). Community violence, social support networks, ethnic group differences, and male perpetration of intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(10).
[10] Miller, E. et. al.(2010). Pregnancy coercion, intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy. Contraception, 81(4).
[11] US Centers for Disease Control (2013) – [Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance – United States 2013]. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ss/ss6304.pdf
[12] Rennison, C.M., & Welchans, S. United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2000). Intimate partner violence (NCJ Publication No. 178247). Rockville, MD.
[13] Tjadan, P., & Thoennes, N. United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. (2000). Extent, nature, and consequences of intimate partner violence: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey (NCJ Publication No. 181867).
[14] World Health Organization, Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention (1997). Violence Against Women: A Priority Health Issue.
[15] Rothman, E.F. (2010). Perpetration of physical assault against dating partners, peers, and siblings among a locally representative sample of high school students in Boston, Massachusetts. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 164(12).
[16] Baum, E., National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs. (2002). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Domestic Violence in 2001.
[17] MTV & Associated Press. (2009). 2009 AP-MTV Digital Abuse Study.
[18] MTV & Associated Press. (2009). 2009 AP-MTV Digital Abuse Study.
[19] MTV & Associated Press. (2009). 2009 AP-MTV Digital Abuse Study.
[20] Liz Claiborne, Inc./Teen Research Unlimited. (2007). Tech abuse in teen relationships study.
[21] Molidor, C. & Tolman, R. (1998). Gender and contextual factors in adolescent dating violence. Violence Against Women 4(2), 180-194.
[22] Molidor, C. & Tolman, R., Op. Cit.
[23] Molidor, C. & Tolman, R., Op. Cit.
[24] Molidor, C. & Tolman, R., Op. Cit.
[25] Bergman, L. (1992). Dating violence among high school students. Social Work, 37(1), 21-27. & Arriaga X.B., Foshee V.A. (2004). Adolescent Dating Violence: Do adolescents follow in their friends' or their parents' footsteps? Journal of Interpersonal Violence; 19(2): 162-184.
[26] Liz Claiborne, Inc./Teen Research Unlimited. (2005). Teen relationship abuse research.
[27] Molidor, C. & Tolman, R., Op. Cit.
[28] Molidor, C. & Tolman, R., Op. Cit.
[29] Logan, T.K., et. al., United States Department of Justice. (2009) The Kentucky Civil Protective Order Study: A Rural and Urban Multiple Perspective Study of Protective Order Violation Consequences, Responses, & Costs: Washington, DC.
[30] Wolf, D.A., et. al. (2009). A School-Based Program to Prevent Adolescent Dating Violence: A Cluster Randomized Trial. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. (163)8: 692-699.
[31] Foshee, V.A., et. al. (1998). An Evaluation of Safe Dates, an Adolescent Dating Violence Prevention Program. American Journal of Public Health. (88)1.
[32] Levy, B. (1993). In Love and in Danger: A Teen's Guide to Breaking Free of Abusive Relationships. Seattle, WA: Seal Press.
[33] Schoen, C., Davis, K., Collins, K., Greenberg, L., Des Roches, C. Abrams, M. The Commonwealth Fund. (1997). The Commonwealth Fund Survey of the Health Of Adolescent Girls. New York, NY.
[34] Parker, B., McFarlane, J. (1993). Physical and Emotional Abuse in Pregnancy: A Comparison of Adult and Teenage Women, Nursing Research. (42)3, 173-177.
[35] Silverman, J. et al., Op Cit.
[36] Martin, S., et. al. (2001) Physical Abuse of Women Before, During, and After Pregnancy. Journal of the American Medical Association, (285)12: 1581-1584. &Dannenberg, A.L., et. al. (1995) Homicide and other injuries as causes of maternal death in New York City, 1987 through 1991. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 172(5):1557-1564.
[37] Miller, Op. Cit.
[38] Silverman, J. et al., Op. Cit.
[39] Richards J. (1991) Battering in a Population of Adolescent Females. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, (3)4: 180-186).
[40] Rivara, F.P., Anderson, M.L., Fishman, P., Bonomi, A.E., Reid, R.J., Carrell, D., and Thompson, R. S. (2007) Healthcare Utilization and Costs for Women with a History of Intimate Partner Violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, (32)2: 89-96.
[41] Wisner, C., Gilmer, T., Saltman, L., Zink, T. (1999) Intimate partner violence against women: do victims cost health plans more? Journal of Family Practice, (48)6.
[42] US Centers for Disease Control (2003). Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States.
[43] Max, W., Rice, D.P., Finkelstein, E., Bardwell, R.A., Leadbetter, S. (2004) The Economic Toll of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States.Violence and Victims, 19(3): 259-72.